North Coast of Peru
The earliest ceramics in the Americas occur along the coasts of Columbia
and Ecuador dating to about 3500-3000 BC. Later, some of the most
striking ceramic traditions developed in Peru.
In the highlands and
adjacent areas, ChavÃn culture, with distinctive architecture, sculpture and
ceramics, flourished 900-200 BC. Along river drainages on the north
coast of Peru, regional cultures developed towards the end of ChavÃn, such
as Salinar and VirÃº 500-300 BC.
Moche, 100 BC-AD 700 was one of the
most distinctive of the cultures on the north coast of Peru, with highly
creative ceramic arts. Moche potters sculpted and painted a great
variety of realistic images of people and animals engaged in diverse
After a period of unification under the Huari Empire,
regional states developed on the north coast of Peru, such as the ChimÃº, AD
900-1430, notable for mold made stirrup spout vessels smudge fired to create
black textured surfaces.
The Inca Empire, AD 1430-1532, with its
capital at Cuzco, unified Peru briefly before the arrival of Europeans.
The Inca state governed 5,000 kilometres of coastline from Ecuador to Chile,
and adjacent parts of Argentina and Bolivia.
c. 500-300 BC
Frog effigy with vestiges of cream slip.
Moche I or II
400 BC-AD 200
Crustacean (lobster) stirrup jar with red and cream slip decoration.
Red and buff stirrup jar, with human figure wearing headdress and earplugs.
Early or Middle ChimÃº
Figure of a bat, blackware double vessel with handle and spout.
Blackware stirrup vessel showing a starving dog holding his tongue.
Blackware mold made stirrup vessel with fret motifs.
Blackware molded stirrup vessel, showing a pair of animals.
Polychrome jar with strap handles.
Early Cultures of Central Mexico
North Coast of Peru
53 N. Macdonald
Mesa, AZ 85201
(One block north of Main Street in downtown Mesa. Take US 60 or 202 to
Country Club Drive, go to Main Street, and proceed one-half mile east to